November 23rd, 2022
The city of london is currently the home for the Government of the UK and also the country’s financial centre. The city is nestled on the banks of the River Thames within south east Britain. The city of London had been set up by the Roman empire in 43 AD and they controlled there until the 5th century AD, when the Roman Empire collapsed. The Romans called it Londinium and had a population then of around 50,000. The city became a major trading port. Londinium declined during the fifth century as a result of recurring Anglo-Saxon attacks. During the 8th century it took over as the capital for the Kingdom of Essex. There have been numerous Viking attacks during the ninth century with lots of suffering in that period. Danish settlers then set up themselves in the region leading to an increase in commerce and businesses in the city. For the reason that prosperity and strength of this growing city centre amplified it captivated the attention of the Danish Great Heathen Army that took over the city and seized by King Alfred the Great back in 886. Following the Norman incursion and conquering of England in 1067, the revolutionary King of England, William Duke of Normandy developed the city's existing legal rights, laws and regulations and also privileges. He also built the landmark Tower of London. From that point in 1199, King John strengthened the city's self-government. From 1215 the city could select a new mayor each and every year.
All through the 14th and fifteenth century, London’s port became a European heart for the distribution of merchandise, primarily due to the trade in textiles. Within the 16th to seventeenth century with rule with the Tudors, London benefited from the central politics as well as the increased maritime commerce which was carried on by the Stuarts. During this time London had 100,000 occupants and by the mid-seventeenth century it had increased to over 500,000. By 1665, the city’s unhealthy dwelling conditions because of inferior city planning ended up the cause of the Great Plague establishing itself that wiped out around 70,000 individuals. In the subsequent year, a large fire burnt down the vast majority of london. The reconstruction of London took over decade to finish, with all the growth and development of major buildings for example St. Paul’s Cathedral heightened the selling point of London. This resulted in London growing to be the heart of British social life with castles, halls, theatres as well as galleries unmatched elsewhere. The city continued to grow, especially with the establishment of the Bank of England back in 1694 which in turn triggered London’s growth as a major financial center.
The majority of current London comes from the Victorian period. The Industrial Revolution attracted many people to the city, significantly growing the city with the inhabitants increased from 700,000 in 1750 to in excess of 4,500,000 in 1901. These too high of a population density situations would cause the 1832 cholera outbreak and the great smell of 1858 resulting from sewer concerns in the heat. Following a stable period without a great deal of difference in the population of the capital started to decrease after The First World War and dropped below 3.5 million by 1950. Encompassing suburban regions grew continuously during that time period. Back in 1963 the city was separated into local government areas of the old city and 32 metro boroughs encircling it.
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