What is the 'Caribbean'?

What is the 'Caribbean'?

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The Caribbean represents an island group of twenty eight countries which attracts tourists to it having a variety of perfect exotic escapes situated in the Caribbean Sea. Every one of these countries comes with something distinctive about it to offer largely based on their natural charm of both land and marine environments which surround the islands. The Caribbean is considered one of the world’s most biologically diverse maritime areas, being home to iconic wildlife and it has many susceptible coastal communities that suffer with what environmentalists consider a growing decline. The region has also an abundant culture and history, having some important sites dating back to neglected prior societies. Along with that social variety, the islands has an diverse culinary scene. You can find tastes coming from all the world’s continents in the region’s delicacies. The main languages spoken in the Caribbean are Spanish, French, English, Dutch, Haitian Creole, and Papiamento. Every Caribbean country carries a handful of distinctive creole spoken languages or dialects. The location features a principally tropical landscape with the climates getting shaped by marine temperatures and rain, with the storm season often bringing about disasters. The most significant had been the Great Hurricane of 1780 where it was approximated that 20 000 to 30000 people were killed. Severe weather continue to happen with a regularity. Because of this tropical climate and also the low lying island topography, the Caribbean countries are prone to quite a few climate change effects such as the greater storm strength, saltwater incursion, growing sea levels and loss of the coastline. These kinds of climatic conditions changes will have critical impacts and substantially change the economies of the Caribbean, especially the key financial systems of farming and travel and leisure.

The native people have occupied the region since at least 3600 B.C.. Shortly following the adventurer, Chris Columbus arrived at the Caribbean back in 1492 subsequent adventurers coming from both Portugal and Spain commenced proclaiming territories in South and Central america and settling them. With this particular European colonization the native inhabitants was rapidly decimated as a result of enforced brutal labour strategies, enslavement, and illnesses on many of the islands. Those indigenous populations were soon substituted with enslaved Africans. These types of original settlements exported gold to England, the Netherlands, and France that each had wanted to establish profitable colonies in the Caribbean. These types of colonial rivalries made the region a source for European wars for hundreds of years. The area was war-torn throughout most of its colonial history, however the conflicts were more frequently located in Europe, with only minor conflicts actually conducted in the Caribbean. The Caribbean was known for pirates, primarily in between 1640 and 1680 with the phrase “buccaneer” often being used to explain a pirate working in this region. Starting with the independence of Haiti from France in early 1800s as well as the following decrease of slavery in the 19th century the majority of the island nations in the Caribbean progressively obtained independence in the 50s and 60's. As the region is within proximity to the USA, there's also a lengthy background of United States intervention politically, militarily and monetarily.

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